Site Loader

The system of discipline in each
role-play station openly controls the children’s play, reforming their way of
thinking. The discipline is manifested in the process of play through the
presence of supervisors (called as Zupervisors),
number of children allowed per session, timetables, and specific steps to
follow during the play. Foucault explained that discipline constantly restricts
how the body moves and operates by space and time regulation and division. The
body movements, and the familiarity of space and time are prescribed.
Disciplinary power is consists of three basic elements: (1) hierarchical
observation, (2) normalization, and (3) examination.

For instance is the burger shop. The
setting is a kitchen with utensils, sink, racks and countertops. Each role-play
station cannot be accessed freely according to the child’s preferred time. The
burger shop can accommodate a maximum of 12 children only. The first twelve
lining up outside the station can only go inside after the previous session
finishes, and when the supervisor instructed them to do so. The rest of the
children lining up will have to wait longer, or they will be advised to try
other role-play for the mean time. Timetables then coerce children to not waste
time, and to focus on following the instructions given. As described in the
process of play in Chapter 2, children must first greet the supervisor, then
introduce themselves one by one. There is a formal hierarchy between the
supervisor and the children. Then they will be instructed step by step on how
to prepare a burger. The first step is to wear the designated uniform (an apron
and a hair cap), and then wash their hands for cleanliness and hygiene. When
the children stand in front of the countertop, they must stand on their
designated space. Their body is positioned in a certain way, and they must
focus on doing their task.  They cannot
do their role-play freely. They cannot prepare the burger close to each other.
They must stay on their individual space. The presence of a disciplinary power
arranges the body, and make it focus on performing a single role, emphasizing
individuality. Although they play together, their attention is fully fixated on
completing their own task. The completed activity is also assessed
individually, resulting to children’s competitiveness to do a better job than
the others. They are not isolated physically, but psychologically. They must
follow each step exactly as specified in the instruction card shown by the
supervisor. This includes preparing the packaging, placing the bottom bun, then
the cream cheese, lettuce, patty, tomatoes, cheese, pickles, ketchup, top bun,
and lastly, wrapping the burger properly. In this setup, the main purpose of
the adult in-charge is to train, and of the child is to obey. In other words,
the supervisor is the disciplinary power, and the child is the docile body.
Every action of the child is monitored all throughout the session, ensuring
that the job role-playing activity is performed correctly. If the child was not
able to follow, s/he will be corrected immediately. The time period and length,
the body movement, and the steps of role-play are already prescribed and
imposed. 

Post Author: admin