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The two-storey building required to build the new office is
located in Church Lane, in the village of Headley. Headley sits in the North
Downs, which is in Surrey, England. During this whole report, I am going to
talk about how this building meets the requirements of sustainable development.

Sustainability is the aspiration to accomplish activities
without draining or using up resources or having the effect where something
harmful is created. In other words, its meeting our needs now the right way without
it effecting the forthcoming generation’s needs.

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Natural Features to
be protected

Features of the natural environment that need protecting is
one of the major topics discussed in sustainability. Air quality is a feature
that needs protecting. The way air quality effects the environment around the
office building is that due to it being in a rural area, smog and air pollution
are at a minimal due to the significant decrease in the amount of cars, roads
and nuclear plants in the surrounding area compared to the urban environment.
Another feature involved is the green belt. The Green belt is an area of green
land where no construction or development is allowed. The new development in
Headley is surrounded by a huge area of Green belt where that area is protected
and no construction/development is permitted. So the construction of the new
development should not extend into this area of land.

Protection by
Legislation and Authorities

The decrease of operational CO2 emissions from buildings is a crucial
sustainable construction aim in the UK. The United Kingdom Government have
established an ambitious and legitimate goal to decrease national greenhouse
gas emissions by a minimum of 80% by 2050 with an in-between target of a 34% decline
by 2020 (against a 1990 baseline). Furthermore, the Energy Performance of
Buildings Directive (EPBD) obliges all new buildings to be ‘nearly
zero energy’ by Dec 2020.

EU Directives are
required to be used and acknowledged during the project. A legal act of the EU (European Union) which
needs member states to accomplish a certain result without dictating
the means of achieving that result is called a Directive. Under the Kyoto protocol of 1997, the European Union was obliged
to make greenhouse gas deduction of 8%, for example, to reduce its yearly
emissions by 330 million tonnes by 2008-2012. The first Energy
Performance of Buildings Directive was
a main response to this target. When the Directive was implemented in Dec 2002
there were 160 million buildings in the European Union, and it was anticipated
that the Directive could deliver 45 million tonnes of carbon dioxide reduction
by 2010. By 2007, the European Union had been devoted to even stricter targets and
specific Member States had fixed their own national targets. It was known straightaway that there
was a necessity to reinforce the Directive with more in-depth and rapid
implementation. At the same stage, it was recognized that there had been an extensive
range of responses from Member States to the provisions of the first Directive.
Therefore, the 2nd directive (known as the ‘recast EPBD’ or EPBD-2) was enrolled
and implemented in May 2010, efficiently replacing the original.

A few provisions of the recast Directive are:

§  Property advertisements in commercial
media to include details of the Energy Performance Certificate rating where
available

§  Display Energy Certificates to be
issued and displayed in buildings larger than 500m2 that are
occupied by a public authority and frequently visited by the public. This
threshold will fall to 250m2 after 5 years

Protection by Management

When companies want to measure their progress towards their
goal, they use Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s) which helps companies out a
lot. KPI’s are thought of as a vital component in calculating success of a business.
KPI’s are only effective when the establishment’s goal is clear. Environmental
Impact Assessment (EIA) is a procedure of calculating the possible environmental effects
of a planned project, while also evaluating the social, economic, cultural and
human-health impacts. The process of Environmental Impact Assessment has five
steps to take in. The first step called Screening. Screening involves
whether a planned project comes under the remit of the Regulations, whether it
is possible to have a major effect on the surroundings and consequently
requires an assessment. The next step involved is scoping, which is to recognise which possible impacts
are significant to assess based on parliamentary requirements, international
conventions, expert knowledge and public involvement. The applicant could
contact the local council for their views on what information or details that
need to be included which is known as a scoping opinion. Preparing an Environmental statement is the
third step and that is to predict and classify the possible
environmental effects of a future/planned project or development, including the
detailed explanation of other options. The next step is writing up the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) or EIA report,
the consulting governing body and the public should get the chance to give
their opinion about the statement and environmental report. Decision-making is another step, in which
they decide whether to green light the scheme or not, and under
what conditions. Communication is a major
factor in any design team, improves the quality of the project and reduces the
risk of any major mistakes and incidents in the construction site.

Sustainable
Techniques

In the UK, the most homes, offices and vehicles
are powered using gas and electricity. To attain gas and electricity, you have
to burn fossil fuels that are not sustainable. Burning fossil fuels contributes
to the greenhouse effect due to burning of the fuels to create gas/electricity
and then gases are that are harmful to our atmosphere are released into the
air. Manufacturing Electricity
creates the main share of greenhouse gas emissions. Most of the electricity
comes from burning fossil fuels, mostly coal and natural gas. Greenhouse gas productions
from transportation predominantly come from burning fossil fuel for our cars,
trucks, ships, trains, and planes. Over 90 percent of the fuel used for
transportation is petroleum based, which includes 

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