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INTRODUCTION

 

                   

REVITALIZATION
OF A CITY: WHY JAIPUR?

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If there is one city
in India, which has imbibed the positive values of tradition while making
provisions for the needs of the future, then it is Jaipur. The foundation of a
future city was actually laid more than 250 years ago. Jaipur is a city with an
urban form of undeniably high quality. It was not designed for protection but
as a habitation for diverse communities engaged in trade, the arts and crafts
of various kinds. The city wall was not part of a system of defense, but was
built to define the city limits and establish a sense of order. The hierarchy
of roads is clear; with it wide ranges of functional and dimensional
variations. Jaipur is an incomparable and irreplaceable historic city with
numerous assets. At the same time, it is a fast growing modern city of
Rajasthan. The pressure of commercialism and development poses a threat to the
city. The transformation in the heritage walled city has been very intense in
terms of land use, urban form, street façade, city graphics etc. The last ten
years have seen more damage than the corresponding period before them. Jaipur
city is world famous for its rich urban heritage. The survival of these urban
heritage areas has come under threat due to rapid urban development and
transformation. Urban conservation assumes the highest priority in the case of
Jaipur because of principles and values of design it demonstrates, not just in
its monuments and in the layout of the city, but also in the regional setting
in which the city is placed and its relationship with other elements. Hence the
object of the study is to assess the transformation in the walled city and to
find out ways to conserve the walled city by not letting it become a total
commercial district in the future. The revitalization is not the wholesome
preservation of everything which is old and archaic, but contemplates creative
use and reuse of older structures and areas in order to facilitate their
continued use and up gradation of civic services.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revitalization is defined as ” bringing back new vitality; bringing a
building, a community, a neighborhood, activities, business, etc. back to life;
regenerating. It may involve allocation of new uses”(Mutal, 2017).  

 

                     

 

 

                      A significant number of the heritage
settlements inside the walled city as well as outside of it in Jaipur are
exposed to change and fast deterioration of the fabric and quality. However,
the walled city of Jaipur still is the flourishing economic focus and
particularly in place of its physical trademark. The capabilities of the Walled
City of Jaipur are tremendous, monetarily, visually, socially and culturally as
well. The city is not turning into a dead town; it is the abuse and disorderly
functioning, which is posing as a threat to the extremely simple life of the
region. However, the walled city even today continues to offer a main economic
base. In the walled city, the urban life has at all times gone up against with
issues because of modernization against conventional built form. The total
preservation and freezing of the surrounding environment cannot be the way to
deal with the issue, as it is a living as well as an especially throbbing city.2

 

 

Unlike the experience of other historic
cities in the world, the historic buildings of Jaipur are not being abandoned.
On the contrary overcrowding is a recognised issue as is uncontrolled building
and encroachment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DISCUSIION AND QUESTION

 

 

The research objectives of this technical paper are as
under. It is to study the demand of revitalization in the current urban
scenario of historic urban center and understand different approaches of
revitalization. It is to study and understand the problems of the walled city
of Jaipur and give a strategic proposal of revitalization for it.

 

The  concern of the study is to protect and renew
the historic environment in order to accommodate the present and future needs
of its inhabitants and to revitalize the function of the old city thereby
safeguarding and restoring the traditional urban fabric. This would also entail
preservation of special urban components with its unique traditional values.
Priority should be given to the city’s overall economics, social requirements
and needs, the efficiency of all networks and rehabilitation of buildings to
ensure its use and reuse.

The
major concern of this study is the protection as well as renwal of the rich
historic environment of the walled city of Jaipur, keeping in mind the end goal
to suit the present and future demands of its residents and to revitalize the function
of the walled city; focusing on the protection and restoration of the
contemporary urban form. This would likewise involve conservation of uncommon
urban segments with its extraordinary customary esteems. Need ought to be given
to the city’s general financial matters, social necessities and requirements,
the effectiveness of all systems and restoration of structures to guarantee its
utilization and reuse.

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