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Introduction:

“Canadian cuisine is defined as local, seasonal, sustainable ingredients, in the hands of many cultures.” (said by Eric pateman, owner of Edible Canada Bistro). Although this quote perfectly describes Canada’s food culture, it leaves out the diverse religion, climate/geography, and family life/structure.

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Canada is the second largest country in the world and is the northernmost country in North America. It is surrounded by three major bodies of water; Pacific, Atlantic, and Arctic ocean. If someone were to travel across the country they would experience a variety of beautiful landscapes such as mountains, valleys, and lush forests. Canada is a country with many different climate zones and has a big range of temperature throughout the year. In the summer the highest temperature is around 35 degrees celsius and the coldest temperature in the winter can be around 25 degrees celsius. Wherever you go in Canada the climate will be different, for example in the Northern provinces it is always colder than the rest of Canada.

With an estimated population of 36,000,000 people, Canada has a very balanced economy. We thrive in a capitalist economy, with no government intervention and free markets. Canada largely depends on the big oil and natural gas sector to keep a stable economy for our growing country. The GDP per capita is $46,600 and Canada has 35th highest in the world’s GDP rates. Our GDP by industry has our top supplier as real estate selling, renting, managing and leasing with 13%, because of the growing emand. According to the World Factbook, 9.4% of Canadians live in poverty, meaning they earn enough to have the life necessities. Canada’s place as a developed country is supported by the fact that they have a stable economy.

Culture

                Canada is known to be a very multicultural and accepting country. This country had grown more diverse with the new acceptance of immigrants from all around the globe. For quite some time Christianity has dominated religion in Canada, with 39% Catholic and 20.3% Protestant. That includes United church, Anglican, Baptist, Lutheran, Pentecostal, Presbyterian, other Protestant, and Roman Catholic. That being said 23.9% Canadians claimed to have no religion. With the increase of immigration, Canada has seen a raise in religion regarding Buddhism, Sikhism, and Hinduism. Although in Canada there are primarily Catholic and Public schools, most school boards offer language courses in or out of school. The country has a variety of churches, mosques, temple, cathedrals, etc. to allow people of all religion to study their beliefs.

                Family structure in Canada has had some changes in the past few years, but part of it has stayed the same. According to Statistics Canada, in 2011 there were 9,389,700 recorded census families and 39,2 percent of them had children. For a while now married couples have dominated at 67 percent, 17 percent common law and 16 percent being a single parent. Between 2006 and 2011 common law families rose by 13.9 percent and it has caused a decrease in divorces since the rise. Same-sex marriage has been legal in Canada since 2006, whereas in the United States it only became legal a few years ago. The amount of same-sex married couples had tripled between 2006 and 2011, because of the first five years it was legal. Family structure is very diverse as well and Canada has many same-sex, foster, or stepfamilies.

                The lifestyle in Canada for adults, teens, and children is very similar to that of the neighbouring country the United States. 61.6 percent of adults in Canada are employed and go to work a daily basis. During the school year of 2011/2012 in elementary and secondary school, there were 5,032,183 students enrolled, which is a 0.4 percent decrease from the year of 2010/2011. From then on in the school year of 2011/2012, post-secondary schools had 1,996,200 students enrolled. On a typical day students will start their education on average at 8:30 am and finish around 3:30 pm and the typical adult workday is 9 am to 5 pm. Canadians usually have breakfast first thing in the morning, and with their busy schedule it is usually rushed and in a lot of cases skipped/forgotten. The usual time for lunch is noon and some typical lunch foods are sandwiches, soups or, salads. Dinnertime is most commonly the biggest meal of the day and some popular meat entrees are chicken breasts, steak, pork chop, etc. This meal is most likely to be a meal you eat together and take time to prepare. In the winter people of all ages take part in fun activities such as skating, ice hockey, skiing and snowboarding

Canadian Cuisine

                Canadians generally have a very diverse/multicultural cuisine and that sometimes makes it hard to pick out Canadian born foods. Some Canadian foods are poutine, peameal bacon (Canadian bacon to Americans), beavertails, Saskatoon berry pie, and Nanaimo bars. Along with Canadian known foods, we have foods that Canadians eat regularly, such as cheese, beef, fish, and potatoes. The most known Canadian originated flavour is maple, which is used in many products. Some maple products are lollipops, maple syrup, maple toffee, and maple butter.

                Canadians celebrate certain celebrations that involve cooking delicious food items. Majority of Canadians celebrate Easter and during that time they indulge in lamb, bread, cakes, chocolate, and an example of a certain item is bun made with cinnamon and nutmeg. Two other popular Canadian celebrations are Thanksgiving and Christmas, which on both days they have the same food made. Turkey, ham, stuffing, mashed potatoes, and cooked vegetables are just some of the staple foods for these holidays. Another big celebration is Canada Day on July 1 and although there are no specific foods like there are for Christmas and Thanksgiving there are some. On Canada Day there are a lot of BBQs and parties so foods such as hamburgers, hot dogs, ribs, salads, etc. At Canada Day public celebrations there are Canadian staple foods such as maple products, poutine, and beavertails.

Conclusion:

Canada is a beautiful country with an impressive level of diverse and multicultural living. Although Canada does have it’s very own staple foods, Canadians end up cooking dishes from all around the world as well. Canada’s multiculturalism is shown through the variety of religions and cuisine that is made on a day to day basis. The lush green forests and rolling hills, along with the crystal blue lakes, contribute to Canada’s spectacular scenery. Canada is a welcoming country, with diverse cultures and provides everyone with an opportunity to have a better life.

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