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            Hope theory
perceived an individual’s ability to create method to reach one’s desired
goals. Hope theory says that hope is actually the result of two processes: (1)
pathways, or believing that one can find ways to reach desired goals; and (2)
agency, or believing that one can become motivated enough to pursue those goals
(Synder, Rand, & Sigmon,
2002).

 

Pathway thought represent the perceived ability
to find several routes or ways to one’s desired goals. With little formal
education Michael had, he couldn’t cope with the classes in Wenger Christ
School. While most of his teacher believes that he is unteachable, except his
science teacher, Mrs. Boswell believes that he is not stupid as other teachers
thought, she knows that Michael’s learning method is different with the rest of
the students in class. Mrs. Boswell found Michael is good in listening while
poor at reading and writing part, that’s the reason he couldn’t answers the
exam papers. Hence, Mrs. Boswell finds other ways to assist Michael which is
having verbal exam with him. As a result, Michael’s grades have an obvious
improvement. Apart from that, Leigh Anne found that Michael needed 2.5 CGPA to be
qualified to get the first-class scholarship for the National Football League but
Michael’s current CGPA is too low. After discussing with her husband, Mr.

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Tuohy, they decided to hire a private tutor who is Miss Sue to assist Michael’s
homework. As a result, Michaels successfully
get the opportunity to sign with the university he desired for. These examples from
the movie shows that an individual can achieved desired goals by the way of
hope theory which is pathway. An individual should generate multiples pathways
for their desired goals, if a path gets blocked one should consider the other
option.

 

            However, pathways are useless
without the associated agency-inducing cognitions (Snyder, Cheavens, &
Michael, 1999; Snyder, Michael, & Cheavens, 1999). These agency thoughts
are reflected in the positive self-talk that is exhibited by high-hope
individuals (e.g., “I can do this” or “I will not give up”; Snyder, LaPointe,
Crowson, & Early, 1998). High-hope people are sustained by their agency
thinking when confronted with challenging situations or impediments (Snyder,
1994, 1999). 

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