This letter is written with the purpose of improving
the current education system even though progress has been made in the last
five years regarding the education sector, but there still much work that has
to be done as Pakistan’s education spending is still the lowest in South Asia.
The report, ‘Public Financing of Education in Pakistan
and Agenda for Education Budget 2016-17′, was launched by the Institute of
Social and Policy Sciences (I-SAPS). The report talks about the disparities at
a provincial level and how it is affecting the children in Pakistan. The I-SAPS
executive director Salman Humayun said in an interview that there were issues
regarding the handling of the budget making process and insufficient
allocations. He also mention that there are problems regarding accountability. He
rightly mentions the problems that our nation is facing in progressing towards
a bright future in education sector but unless there is accountability from the
higher positions down to the lower ones, there is not much that can be done. Moreover
allocating resources where needed will improve the current conditions immensely.
This I-SAPS report also discusses education in all
four provinces. The enrollment rate in Punjab is 64pc at primary level and the
literacy rate for males is 71pc but for females it is 52pc.The report also
talks about the survival rate which is 71pc until 5th grade but the
transition rate from primary to middle school is 97pc. Another shocking fact
was that the number of children out of school is 13.1 million and this figure
constitutes 47pc of the total population of school going children. Further
looking into the umbers the report also mentions that out of this 52pc are
Sindh on the other hand has a total of 46,039 public
schools. From this 15pc are all girls school 62pc are co-ed schools.
KP has a 54pc net enrollment rate at primary level.
The literacy rate for females is 36pc and for males it is 72pc. This statistic
just showed how the problem of inequality is so deep rooted.
There are 12,576 public schools in Balochistan, 28pc
of which are girls’ schools. Of these, 84pc are primary schools, followed by
9pc middle, 6pc high and less than 1pc higher secondary schools.
It is our duty as citizens of this country to
recognize the problems being faced by all the provinces and together think of
solutions which are practical enough to be implemented and not just words on paper.
The I-SAPS report sheds light on the various problems that each province has to
face. This report provides us with hard facts but facts nonetheless.
According to the article in The Tribune written by
Dr Pervaiz Tahir he discusses the 2017-18 budgets, all how the governments
allocated Rs902.7 billion for education.
The budget for education should be increased and
research must be conducted targeting the areas where education is lacking the
most i.e rural areas for example. Another major reason is that high poverty
rate causes children to work instead of go to school. Also the quality of
education should be increased. The difference between quality of education in
private and government institutions is quite noticeable, as is the fees
structure. Moreover consistency in
quality of education will be key to improving the education sector of Pakistan.
A temporary solution will never work for our nation.
It is my humble request that you take our nation’s
future, the children, into consideration and work towards a plan which will
effectively and efficiently improve the education sector.