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Climate change is one of the most common
problems faced by the world, climate change happens when the greenhouse gases level
increases.  The reason of climate change
can be divided into two which are natural causes and human activity. Some
Natural causes consists of volcanic eruptions, changes in the sun, and
asteroids. However, examples of human activities are: smoking, burning fossil
fuels to get electricity, and driving vehicles. People can reduce climate
change by using public transport, reducing smoking, and replace normal lights
with compact fluorescent bulbs. All of these changes also have impact on
economy and business. This essay will examine potential economic effects of
climate change on 4 industries namely : health, commercial fishing, tourism,
and agriculture. It will also discuss ways in which economy might adapt to
these problems. Health care sector adapt by offering more medicine and doctors,
commercial fishing can adapt by making fish storage and using sustainable
industry,agricultural industry adapts to the problem by putting the animals in
thermal zone, however in tourism industry adapt to the new environment in
islands by increasing the awareness of climate change, and in polar by using
technological method. Firstly, the essay will examine impact of climate change
in health care, secondly, commercial fishing, thirdly, impacts of climate
change on agricultural products, and finally, the effect of climate change in
both islands and polar regions will be explained.


            Health care industry is an industry
that provides medical services, it consists of several services, for
example  : medical insurance and medical
equipment (Staff,2017). When the climate changes resulting heavy rainfall and storms,
such activities will may threaten human health by causing spread of diseases
such as asthma, malaria, and chronic disease. Health industry will receive
challenges due to high number of people getting affected by these types of disease.
The way health industry can adapt to climate change is by providing professionals
doctor to recognize different kinds of diseases so the patient gets the right
treatment, and increasing the knowledge of doctors in impact of climate change
on health industry. The spread of diseases will cause health sector to spend
more money on offering different types of medicines to cure the patients (,2017).

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in sea level causing flooding and hurricane will affect pacific areas which
will have a large impact on commercial fishing industry. Fishers used to catch
more number of fishes, however when the climate change the amount fished
declined dramatically and this will cause low fish stock (Aguilar,2017). Marine
science center has an important role to adapt to this problem by developing
sustainable industry and making model of ocean farming which will make it
easier for fishers to catch fishes. According to Welle (2017), fisherman in
some countries such as Philippines depends on fishing in order to live, when
the climate changes they struggle in order to catch fish resulting of
hurricanes and flooding occurring frequently in this country which causes
damages to sea level. Fishers are struggling to catch fish response to climate
change activity so they prefer to rely on other occupations for examples cooking
in order to raise money. When the climate changes, this will also affect the
family of fisherman as fisherman rely on fishing to raise money.



some countries climate change is tending to occur frequently and that will increase
the temperature and causes several serious problems to agricultural production.
High temperature will create damages to crops such as beans, potatoes, corns
and different kinds of crops. Based on study by IPCC (2017), CO2 resulting from
greenhouse gas emission will have a large impact on crops because it causes
damages to the ozone layer which will damage the soil and water pollution. When
temperature increases meat and milk production in animals will reduce, this
will cause increase in production costs. When the price of production will
increase due to climate change activity, diaries product will decline.
Businesses will provide housing to animal for this reasons prices tends to
Increase. The way agricultural industry can adapt to the new environment is by
choosing a good location for animal and put them in thermal zone so these
animals gain normal body temperature without getting affected by the weather
(Key and Sneeringer,2014).



Climate change will have a large impact in terms of tourism in islands. Rise
of sea level and precipitation will causes disappear of some island and this will
impact the economic growth of some islands and it also will impact marine
environment by causing beach erosion (,2011). Rainfall
patterns, rise in sea level, storm surges, and warmer seawater temperature will
drive challenges to some islands like Barbados which will decrease number of
tourist and affect the economic growth as the economy depends on tourism, for
example tourist come to these countries to enjoy beaches facilities such as
diving and snorkeling. When the temperature get colder, the islands economic
growth will tend to decline and this will causes poverty. Damages caused by
climate change will tend to decrease the growth as the island need to repair
the damaged resorts and roads. A meeting was done by UN World tourism
organization to inform tourism industry about impacts of climate change on
tourism by providing researches. Resorts are working hard to reduce climate
change by using less energy. Government in Barbados adapted to this problem by
passing the Marine Pollution and Control act to provide new sewage


Melting of snow and glaciers will also affect
mountain and polar regions economy as people go there in order to sky. Melting
of snow will have a large impact on polar regions by damaging the restaurants,
hotels, and ski resorts. Skiing activity will decline this may be due to
several factors such as melting of ice and increase in the temperature which
will causes to decrease the number of tourist. Resorts also plays a role in
reducing the impact of climate change by providing mobility services.
Businesses adapt to this change by using technological method which is moving
to a higher attitude and using artificial snow(Heighl,2017). Methods used to
adapt to new climate which are technological is expensive so tourism industry should
work hard to reduce climate change by using electricity consumed in hotels and
resorts in proper way.


sum up, the essay examined economic effect of climate change and solution
several industries use to adapt to the new environment. The effect of climate
change on economics might be in different industries which are : health,
agricultural, tourism and commercial fishing. The effects on industries are
spreading of disease, affecting ozone layer, damaging polar and islands
regions, and destroying crops.



(2017). Economic impact of climate change.
Available at:

Belle, N. (2017).Climate
Change and Small Island Tourism: Policy Maker and Industry Perspectives in
Barbados. Available at:
(2017). Climate change impacts on
islands and cays. online Available at:


Heigl, J.
(2017). Tourism Providers’ Engagement and
Willingness to Adapt to and Mitigate Climate Change with a Focus on Skiing
Areas. Available
at: (2017). The Regional Impacts
of Climate Change. Available at:


Key, N.
and Sneeringer, S. (2014). Potential
Effects of Climate Change on the Productivity of U.S. Dairies. Available at:
(2017). Climate and Health | Health
Care Without Harm. Available at:


A. (2017). How
climate change will transform business and the workforce. Available at:


Staff, I.
(2017). Healthcare Sector. Available at:


Welle, D.(2017) Overfishing in the Philippines | DW English. Available at:

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