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Art is a diverse
field of expressing emotions, technical and imaginative skills of the creator
that can be expressed in form of visual or auditory representation. Art has
always been used by humans to communicate and express emotion since the
beginning of time from early Stone Age to present. The craftsman knows what he
wants to make before he makes it. The making of a work of art is a strange and
risky business in which the maker never knows quite what he is making until he
makes it (Collingwood, 1938).

 

Art can be
viewed and interpreted in many ways, each person has his own unique judgment,
but when art viewed by an expert they use set of rules to judge an artwork this
is known as art criticism. Art criticism is the analysis and evaluation of artwork
in theoretical perspective and to evaluate its importance in the history of art.
 Experts who criticize art follow certain
guideline for art criticism these are known as elements of arts and principles
of art. These guidelines are also used by artist to strengthen their artwork
and to have more impact on their audience.

 

Elements of art
is kind of like all the basic material needed to make an art. Elements of art
consists of lines, shape, color, value, form, space, texture. Lines can be straight,
curved, thick, thin and etc. Color used in art can be bright or dull,
monochromatic or complimentary. Value is the level of brightness or darkness in
colors used. Space is the element which highlights the positive or negative
aspects of the art or can be used to achieve level of depth in art. Form and
shape and 3 dimensional and 2 dimensional elements of art form has volume and depth
while shape only has area. Finally, texture is the how the object feels or
looks. Mostly all the elements in art varies according to artist mood and level
of expertise to express these emotions with depth in art.

 

Principles of
arts is how efficiently the basic material (elements of art) is used. Principle
of arts consists of rhythm, balance, emphasis, proportion, gradation, harmony, variety,
movement. Rhythm and movement are principles used in artwork to show image of movement.
Balance is the principle to add stability or equilibrium to the artwork which
can be further categorized by symmetrical or asymmetrical. Harmony is combing similar
visually satisfying objects together. Emphasis is creating a main focus or making
a center of attention in the artwork.

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