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A conflict in a narrative piece is the
dare that the main characters have to clarify in order to reach their aims.
There are two types of conflicts: internal or external. The internal one
manifests itself inside the character`s heart. He or she has to choose between
different elements such as good/evil, love/hate, money/love etc. The external
one, usually, happens between two or more characters. They could be arguing
over money, relationships, betrayal etc. The conflicts may be or not resolved.
When it is resolved the novel it creates a sense of closure. When it is not, it
is said to have an “open” ending. “The literary purpose of conflict is to
create tension in the story, making readers more interested by leaving them
uncertain which of the characters or forces will prevail.”( Roberts;
Jacobs, 1986, p. 103)

        
One of my favorite pieces of literature in high-school was Morome?ii by Marin Preda, which
appeared in 1955. This novel is about a father who tries to keep his family
united, even though his manners are not always the best suited. His purpose was
to maintain the family`s land intact. The action takes place in the
countryside, near the World War II. Ilie Moromete tries to keep his boys close
to him but they are drawn to city life. Ilie Moromete has a big family formed
by eight members: Catrina, his second wife, Tita, Ilinca and Niculae, his
children with Catrina and  Paraschiv,
Nil? and Achim, who are Moromete`s older children with his first wife, who
died. He also has a sister, named Maria Moromete but they are not in great
terms. In this novel, there are four conflicts and all of them are external.
The first one is between Moromete and his older sons. This conflict is given by
their different visions about life. They hate their father because he married
another woman but also for the fact that he prefers to discuss with his friends
instead of working. When they were working on the field, Moromete was simply
watching them. Moreover, he was giving them orders. All they wanted was to
leave to Bucharest and leave everything behind. The second conflict is between
Moromete and his wife, Catrina. Moromete sold during the drought an acre from
her land. He promised her that in return for this he would pass the house to
her but that never happened. He hesitated to do this because of his older sons.
Catrina began to hate him and in the second volume of the novel, Catrina left
Moromete. The third conflict is between Moromete and his sister, Maria. After
Ilie`s first wife died, Maria hoped that she would take her place and she would
take care of the house and children. She wanted to do this in order not to
remain alone in her old age. When Moromete got married and built a new house
far from hers, Maria started to hate him. Also, she started to influence in a
bad way her older nephews. The last conflict is between Moromete and his
youngest son, Niculae. Niculae`s biggest dream was to go to school but his
father did not allow him to do this. He always said that going to school would
not help him. In order to accomplish his dream, gradually, Niculae detached
from his family. In the end, Moromete remains alone.

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          In conclusion, the conflict is a very
important characteristic of a novel. It describes all the information the
readers need in order to understand the whole picture of the story and it also
keeps them on tenterhooks until the end. Not all the conflicts of the novel had
been resolved. Most of them will found a solution in the second volume of the
novel.

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