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0.25, sleep medications component ranged from 0.28 and sleep
quality component ranged from 0.57. PSQI has good construct validity where
worse sleep on the questionnaire was associated with greater sleepiness on
Epsworth Sleepiness Scale (r = 0.13) (Spira et al., 2011) (Refer to
appendix 3).

 

3.5 Research Procedures

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Ethical Application submitted to Universiti
Teknologi Mara. Permission to conduct the research at school will be applied
through Malaysia Ministry of Education and Kelantan State Education Department.
The application letter and introductory letter will be emailed to the school
authorities and doing follow up by phone calls.

Permission from Sekolah Kebangsaan Kubang
Kerian 1 and Sekolah Kebangsaan Kubang Kerian 2 will be applied by a letter and
follow up by a phone call to set a meeting with the respondents who are
voluntarily involve in this research to explain about the project that will be
conducted, ethics and the way how data need to be looked after. Researcher also
explains about the questionnaires and gets consent from the respondents. Once
the respondents have signed the consent form, the questionnaires will be
distributed among the teachers. The respondents need to gather so that the
questionnaire can be passed easily. Once they finish answering the
questionnaires, one respondent will collect all the questionnaires and give it
to the researcher on the same day.

Primary school teachers who are agreed to be
participants in the study will need to fill up the consent form, demographic
data form, Modified Interest Checklist questionnaire (68 items) and Pittsburgh
Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire (9 items). The consent form is a
standard form from the UiTM while socio demographic form contain respondents’
personal information such as age, date of birth, caregiving responsibilities,
educational level, number of children, health status, gender, race, work loads,
marital status and administrative duties in employment. The survey will be
answered by participants through online and the durations to complete the
survey will take about 20 minutes.

 

 

 

 

 

3.6 Data analysis

A.   Data Measurement

The data will be
analyses using SPSS program. The
descriptive analysis of the demographic information will be analysed by using
mean (SD) or median (IQR) depends on the distribution of the data collection.
The inferential analysis which is types of hypothesis testing is depends on the
distribution data and types of data obtained. The normality of the data will be
measured by using histogram. To determine whether there are any statistically
significant differences between the means of the three or more independent
groups (Kim, 2014), parametric testing which is one way ANOVA will be used to
accept or reject the hypothesis between two variables (leisure activities and
interest) only if the data is normally distributed. Interests are measured as a
categorical variable (ordinal) which are ‘Strong’, ‘Some’, and ‘No’ while
leisure activities are measured in categorical variables (nominal) which are
physical leisure activities, cognitive leisure activities and social leisure
activities. If the data is not normally distributed, non-parametric testing which
is Kruskal-Wallis H test will be used. To determine a significant relationship
or association between socio demographic data with leisure engagement and
between leisure engagements with sleep quality, chi square test will be used
where it is a statistical test that measures the association between two
categorical variables (Singhal & Rana, 2015).

 

 

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